|Type of business||Subsidiary|
|Type of site||Video hosting service|
|Founded||February 14, 2005; 16 years ago|
|Headquarters||901 Cherry Avenue|
San Bruno, California, United States
|Area served||Worldwide (excluding blocked countries)|
|Founder(s)||Chad HurleySteve ChenJawed Karim|
|Key people||Susan Wojcicki (CEO)|
Chad Hurley (advisor)
|Industry||InternetVideo hosting service|
|Revenue||US$15 billion (2019)|
|Parent||Google LLC (2006–present)|
(see list of localized domain names)
|Registration||OptionalNot required to watch most videos; required for certain tasks such as uploading videos, viewing flagged (18+) videos, creating playlists, liking or disliking videos, and posting comments|
|Users||2 billion (October 2020)|
|Launched||February 14, 2005; 16 years ago|
|Content license||Uploader holds copyright (standard license); Creative Commons can be selected.|
YouTube is an American online video-sharing platform headquartered in San Bruno, California. The service, created in February 2005 by three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim—was bought by Google in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion and now operates as one of the company’s subsidiaries. YouTube is the second most-visited website after Google Search, according to Alexa Internet rankings.
YouTube allows users to upload, view, rate, share, add to playlists, report, comment on videos, and subscribe to other users. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos, short and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, video blogging, short original videos, and educational videos. Most content is generated and uploaded by individuals, but media corporations including CBS, the BBC, Vevo, and Hulu offer some of their material via YouTube as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can watch, but not upload, videos on the site, while registered users can upload an unlimited number of videos and add comments. Age-restricted videos are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old.
As of May 2019, there were more than 500 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute and one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. YouTube and selected creators earn advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program that targets ads according to site content and audience. The vast majority of videos are free to view, but there are exceptions, including subscription-based premium channels, film rentals, as well as YouTube Music and YouTube Premium, subscription services respectively offering premium and ad-free music streaming, and ad-free access to all content, including exclusive content commissioned from notable personalities. Based on reported quarterly advertising revenue, YouTube is estimated to have US$15 billion in annual revenues.
- Dickey, Megan Rose (February 15, 2013). “The 22 Key Turning Points in the History of YouTube”. Business Insider. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
- Haran, Brady; Hamilton, Ted. “Why do YouTube views freeze at 301?”. Numberphile. Brady Haran. Archived from the original on December 26, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- Kelsey, Todd (2010). Social Networking Spaces: From Facebook to Twitter and Everything In Between. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-1-4302-2596-6.
- Lacy, Sarah (2008). The Stories of Facebook, YouTube and MySpace: The People, the Hype and the Deals Behind the Giants of Web 2.0. Richmond: Crimson. ISBN 978-1-85458-453-3.
- Walker, Rob (June 28, 2012). “On YouTube, Amateur Is the New Pro”. The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
- Official website (Mobile)
- YouTube for Press
- YouTube on Blogger
- YouTube – Google Developers
- Are YouTubers Revolutionizing Entertainment? (June 6, 2013), video produced for PBS by Off Book.
- 2005 establishments in California
- 2006 mergers and acquisitions
- Advertising video on demand
- Alphabet Inc.
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