Bibliography DevOps DevSecOps-Security-Privacy Software Engineering


See: Distributed Tracing in Practice: Instrumenting, Analyzing, and Debugging Microservices 1st Edition

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DevSecOps-Security-Privacy Software Engineering

Bug Bounty Hunter – Freelance Penetration Tester

Bug bounty hunter: “A freelance penetration tester. Often, large companies will create “responsible disclosure programs” that award cash prizes for reporting security holes. Some bug bounty hunters work full time, but often these are full-time professionals who participate outside of work for extra money.” (B085FW7J86)

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History Software Engineering

Actual Bug Found – First “Debugging” – 1947 A.D.

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Actual Bug Found

Howard Aiken (1900–1973), William “Bill” Burke (dates unavailable), Grace Murray Hopper (1906–1992)

“Harvard professor Howard Aiken completed the Mark II computer in 1947 for the Naval Proving Ground in Dahlgren, Virginia. With 13,000 high-speed electromechanical relays, the Mark II processed 10-digit decimal numbers, performed floating-point operations, and read its instructions from punched paper tape. Today we still use the phrase “Harvard architecture” to describe computers that separately store their programs from their data, unlike the “von Neumann” machines that store code and data in the same memory.

But what makes the Mark II memorable is not the way it was built or its paper tape, but what happened on September 9, 1947. On that day at 10:00 a.m., the computer failed a test, producing the number 2.130476415 instead of 2.130676415. The operators ran another test at 11:00 a.m., and then another at 3:25 p.m. Finally, at 3:45 p.m., the computer’s operators, including William “Bill” Burke, traced the problem to a moth that was lodged inside Relay #70, Panel F. The operators carefully removed the bug and affixed it to the laboratory notebook, with the notation “First actual case of bug being found.”

Burke ended up following the computer to Dahlgren, where he worked for several years. One of the other operators was the charismatic pioneer Grace Murray Hopper, who had volunteered for the US Navy in 1943, joined the Harvard staff as a research fellow in 1946, and then moved to the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation in 1949 as a senior mathematician, where she helped the company to develop high-level computer languages. Grace Hopper didn’t actually find the bug, but she told the story so well, and so many times, that many histories now erroneously credit her with the discovery. As for the word bug, it had been used to describe faults in machines as far back as 1875; according to the Oxford English Dictionary, in 1889, Thomas Edison told a journalist that he had stayed up two nights in a row discovering, and fixing, a bug in his phonograph.”

SEE ALSO COBOL Computer Language (1960)

“The moth found trapped between points at Relay #70, Panel F, of the Mark II Aiken Relay Calculator while it was being tested at Harvard University. The operators affixed the moth to the computer log with the entry “First actual case of bug being found.””

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