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Python Software Engineering

Benevolent dictator for life (BDFL)

See also: Python, Python Bibliography and Bibliography of Python Libraries and Web Frameworks, Python Programming Courses

Benevolent dictator for life (BDFL) is a title given to a small number of open-source software development leaders, typically project founders who retain the final say in disputes or arguments within the community. The phrase originated in 1995 with reference to Guido van Rossum, creator of the Python programming language.[1][2] Shortly after Van Rossum joined the Corporation for National Research Initiatives, the term appeared in a follow-up mail by Ken Manheimer to a meeting trying to create a semi-formal group that would oversee Python development and workshops; this initial use included an additional joke of naming Van Rossum the “First Interim BDFL”.[1] Van Rossum announced on July 12, 2018 that he would be stepping down as BDFL of Python without appointing a successor, effectively eliminating the title within the Python community structure.[3]” (WP)

“BDFL should not be confused with the more common term for open-source leaders, “benevolent dictator”, which was popularized by Eric S. Raymond‘s essay “Homesteading the Noosphere” (1999).[4] Among other topics related to hacker culture, Raymond elaborates on how the nature of open source forces the “dictatorship” to keep itself benevolent, since a strong disagreement can lead to the forking of the project under the rule of new leaders.” (WP)

Referent candidates

(WP)

NameProjectTypeReference
Sylvain BennerSpacemacsCommunity-driven Emacs distribution[5]
Vitalik ButerinEthereumBlockchain-based cryptocurrency[6]
Dries BuytaertDrupalContent management framework[7]
Haoyuan LiAlluxioData Orchestration System[8]
Evan CzaplickiElmFront-end web programming language[9][10]
David Heinemeier HanssonRuby on RailsWeb framework[11]
Rich HickeyClojureProgramming language[12]
Adrian Holovaty
and Jacob Kaplan-Moss
DjangoWeb framework[13]
Laurent DestailleurDolibarr ERP CRMSoftware suite for Enterprise Resource Planning and Customer Relationship Management[14]
Francois CholletKerasDeep learning framework[15]
Xavier LeroyOCamlProgramming language[16][17]
Yukihiro Matsumoto (Matz)RubyProgramming language[18]
Wes McKinneyPandasPython data analysis library[19]
Bram MoolenaarVimText editor[20]
Matt Mullenweg [a]WordPressContent management framework[21]
Martin OderskyScalaProgramming language[22]
Taylor OtwellLaravelWeb framework[23][24]
Theo de RaadtOpenBSDUnix-like operating system[citation needed]
Ton Roosendaal[b]Blender3D computer graphics software[25]
Sébastien RosOrchard ProjectContent management system[26]
Mark Shuttleworth[c]UbuntuLinux distribution[27]
Don Syme[d]F#Programming language[28]
Linus Torvalds[e]LinuxOperating system kernel[11][29]
José ValimElixirProgramming language[30]
Pauli VirtanenSciPyPython library used for scientific and technical computing[31][32]
Patrick VolkerdingSlackwareGNU/Linux distribution[33]
Nathan VoxlandLiquibaseDatabase schema management[34]
Shaun WalkerDotNetNukeWeb application framework[35]
Larry WallPerlProgramming language[36]
Jeremy Soller[37]RedoxOperating system[38]
Eugen RochkoMastodonOpen source, decentralized social network[39]
Dylan ArapsKISS LinuxA bare-bones Linux distribution based on musl libc and BusyBox[40]
Gavin Mendel-Gleason[f]TerminusDBOpen-source graph database for knowledge graph representation[41][42]

Organizational Positions

  1. ^ Lead Developer at the WordPress Foundation
  2. ^ Chairman of the Blender Foundation
  3. ^ Until December 2009, CEO of Canonical Ltd
  4. ^ Technical Advisor at the F# Software Foundation
  5. ^ Sponsee of the Linux Foundation. Also holds the trademark for Linux
  6. ^ CTO of TerminusDB

(WP)

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History Software Engineering

Elixir Programming Language Invented by José Valim – 2011 AD

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Elixir is a functionalconcurrentgeneral-purpose programming language that runs on the BEAM virtual machine used to implement the Erlang programming language.[3] Elixir builds on top of Erlang and shares the same abstractions for building distributedfault-tolerant applications. Elixir also provides productive tooling and an extensible design. The latter is supported by compile-time metaprogramming with macros and polymorphism via protocols.[4]

Elixir is used by companies such as PagerDuty,[5] Discord,[6] E-MetroTel,[7] Pinterest,[8] Moz,[9] Bleacher Report,[10] The Outline,[11] Inverse,[12] Divvy,[13] FarmBot[14] and for building embedded systems.[15][16] The community organizes yearly events in the United States,[17] Europe[18] and Japan[19] as well as minor local events and conferences.[20][21]

History

José Valim is the creator of the Elixir programming language, a research and development project of Plataformatec. His goals were to enable higher extensibility and productivity in the Erlang VM while keeping compatibility with Erlang’s ecosystem.[22][23]

José Valim aimed to create a programming language for large-scale sites and apps. Being a Ruby developer, he used features of Ruby, Erlang, and Clojure to develop a high-concurrency and low-latency language. Elixir was designed to handle large data volumes. Its speed and capabilities spread Elixir in telecommunication, eCommerce, and finance industries. [24]

On July 12, 2018, Honeypot released a mini-documentary on Elixir.[25]

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History Software Engineering

Microsoft F# Programming Language Invented by Don Syme – 2005 AD

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Don Syme developed the F# programming language and Microsoft first introduced it in 2005.

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History Software Engineering

Scala Programming Language Invented by Martin Odersky – 2003 AD

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The object-oriented programming language Scala was introduced in 2003.

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History Python Software Engineering

Python Programming Language Invented by Guido van Rossum – 1991 AD

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Development of Python was started in 1989 by Guido van Rossum and released to the public in 1991.

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History Software Engineering

Clojure Programming Language Invented by Rich Hickey – 2007 AD

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Rich Hickey developed the Clojure programming language and released the first version in 2007.

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History

Linus Torvalds Released Version 1.0 of Linux Kernel – 1994 AD

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March 14, 1994 – Linus Torvalds released version 1.0 of the Linux kernel.

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