Software Engineering

Outline of computer programming

“The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computer programming:” (WP)

Computer programming – process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable computer programs. Programming involves activities such as analysis, developing understanding, generating algorithmsverification of requirements of algorithms including their correctness and resources consumption, and implementation (commonly referred to as coding[1][2]) of algorithms in a target programming languageSource code is written in one or more programming languages. The purpose of programming is to find a sequence of instructions that will automate performing a specific task or solving a given problem.” (WP)



Further information: Computing platform


Further information: Programming paradigm

Writing programs


Further information: Programming style


Further information: Algorithm

Programming languages

Programming language – formal constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs to control the behavior of a machine or to express algorithms.” (WP)

Types of programming languages

Further information: Programming paradigm

Popular languages

The top 20 most popular programming languages as of February 2021:[3]

  1. C
  2. Java
  3. Python
  4. C++
  5. C#
  6. Visual Basic .NET
  7. JavaScript
  8. PHP
  9. SQL
  10. Assembly language
  11. R
  12. Groovy
  13. Go
  14. Ruby
  15. Swift
  16. MATLAB
  17. Delphi/Object Pascal
  18. Classic Visual Basic
  19. Perl
  20. Objective-C

Anatomy of a programming language

Comparisons of programming languages

Programming language comparisons

Comparisons of individual languages


Further information: Compiler


Further information: Computer software


Software development

Software engineering

Software engineering –

See also


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By Cloud Guru

Cloud Monk is Losang Jinpa, PhD, MCSE/MCT