Bengal Tigers

Adult male Royal Bengal tiger.jpg
Male in Kanha Tiger ReserveMadhya Pradesh, India

“The animals on the cover of Learning Java, Fifth Edition are a Bengal tiger and her cubs. The Bengal is a subsepecies of tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) found in Southern Asia. It has been hunted practically to extinction and now lives mostly in natural preserves and national parks, where it is strictly protected. It’s estimated that there are fewer than 3,500 Bengal tigers left in the wild.” (B086L2NYWR)

Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) female 3 crop.jpg
Bengal tigress in Kanha Tiger Reserve

“The Bengal tiger is reddish orange with narrow black, gray, or brown stripes, generally in a vertical direction. Males can grow to nine feet long and weigh as much as 500 pounds; they are the largest existing members of the cat family. Preferred habitats include dense thickets, long grass, or tamarisk shrubs along river banks. Maximum longevity can be 26 years but is usually only about 15 years in the wild.” (B086L2NYWR)

“Tigers most commonly conceive after the monsoon rains; the majority of cubs are born between February and May after a gestation of three and a half months. Females bear one litter every two to three years. Cubs weigh under three pounds at birth and are striped. Litters usually consist of one to four cubs, but it’s unusual for more than two or three to survive. Cubs are weaned at four to six months but depend on their mother for food and protection for another two years. Female tigers are mature at three to four years, males at four to five years.” (B086L2NYWR)

“Bengals are an endangered species threatened by poaching, habitat loss, and habitat fragmentation.” (B086L2NYWR)

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